Rolls-Royce Motor Cars is an English company that is part of the BMW AG concern. It specializes in the production of expensive and prestigious luxury cars. The company's flagship model is the Rolls-Royce Phantom. The history of the company has been going on for a hundred years. The founders of the company were design engineer Frederick Henry Royce and merchant Charles Stuart Rolls, who created their own company in 1904. Participation in the rally contributed to the popularity of the company. In 1906, the first place in the Tourist Trophy car race was taken by a light 4-cylinder Rolls-Royce 20 PS model, the engine power of which was only 20 hp. In the XX century, the company finally established its image as a prestigious brand. She became the main supplier of cars for the royal House of Great Britain. At a certain period in the middle of the XX century, the company's business declined, and in 1971 the company's management declared bankruptcy of the company. It was only due to the monetary investments of the government of the country that it was possible to preserve the brand for a while. At the end of the XX century, the famous Rolls-Royce brand was acquired by the BMW concern, which saved it from oblivion and became the key to the further successful development of the company.
Rolls-Royce 10hp (1904—1906)
The first Rolls-Royce. The car was equipped with a two-cylinder engine with a displacement of 1995 cm3 with a capacity of 12 hp and developed a maximum speed of 60 km / h. A total of 10 cars were manufactured.
This car had a three-cylinder engine with a working volume of 3089 cm3 with a capacity of 15 hp. It developed a speed of up to 60 km / h. A total of 6 copies were made.
There were three basic versions of the 20 hp model: lightweight (light chassis), TT Replica and reinforced (heavy chassis). An inline four-cylinder engine with a working volume of 4118 cm3 developed 20 hp. Cars on a reinforced chassis accelerated to 70 km / h, and on a lightweight one — up to 80 km / h. The most famous versions of the model were: Tourer, TT Replica and Roi-des-Belges. A total of 40 cars were produced.
The inline six-cylinder engine with a displacement of 6177 cm3 developed a power of 30 hp and accelerated cars with Touring and Pullman bodies from Barker to 90 km/h. A total of 37 cars were manufactured.
Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost
40/50 hp Silver Ghost (1907—1925)
The Immortal Ghost (Ghost) was produced for 18 years. The engine with a working volume of 7036 cm3 was an inline six-cylinder composed of two blocks of three cylinders. In 1909, its volume was increased to 7428 cm3 and it began to develop a capacity of 48 hp. The most famous bodies with which the car was equipped were: London-Edinburgh, Hooper landau and Barker bodies, including convertibles. A total of 6,173 cars were produced.
The first small Rolls-Royce. The inline six-cylinder engine with a displacement of 3127 cm3 accelerated the car to 100 km/h or, with a lighter body, to 115 km/h. The most commonly installed bodies on the model were the touring and sedan manufactured by Barker. A total of 2,940 cars were made.
New Phantom (Phantom I) (1925—1929)
Replacing the ancient Silver Ghost, the Phantom had an inline six-cylinder engine with a displacement of 7668 cm3, which developed a power of 108 hp and could accelerate the car to 135 km / h. The Phantom was produced simultaneously in the UK and in the USA. A total of 3,514 cars were manufactured, 2,271 in Derby and 1,243 in Springfield.
Phantom II (1929—1935)
Using the same 7.6-liter inline six-cylinder engine, the Phantom II model had an improved chassis. The most famous car bodies were: sedans and torpedoes made by Barker and the Park Ward Continental coupe. In total, 1,555 cars were made with right—hand drive and 125 with left-hand drive.
Phantom III (1936—1939)
The first Rolls-Royce with a V-shaped eight-cylinder engine with a displacement of 7340 cm3. The most famous body types are limousines and brogams produced by Park Ward and Hooper. The powerful Park Ward limousine had a top speed of 150 km/h and accelerated to 96.5 km/h (60 mph) in 16.8 seconds. A total of 727 cars were manufactured.
A small Rolls-Royce has grown and the working volume of its six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 20 hp has been increased to 3699 cm3. In 1931, the car accelerated to 110 km /h on tests, in 1935 its speed increased to 120 km/h. A total of 3,827 cars were produced.
The engine displacement of this model was increased even more, to 4257 cm3. The power developed by him, approximately 115 hp, allowed the car to reach a speed of 130 km / h. A total of 1201 copies were made.
The Wraith model was the successor of the 25/30, equipped with a four-cylinder engine that accelerated the car to 100-115 km/h. Sedan and limousine type bodies made by Park Ward and H.J. Mulliner sedans were used. Before the war, 491 cars were manufactured.
Silver Wraith (1947—1959)
All Silver Wraith cars were equipped with custom bodies, such as brogams made by H.J. Mulliner and limousines made by Hooper. The engine with a working volume of 4887 cm3 was quite suitable for these rather heavy cars. A total of 1,883 cars were produced.
Silver Dawn[en] (1949—1955)
It was the first Rolls-Royce car with an all-steel body. Only a few cars had custom-made bodies, currently they are a collector's rarity. The working volume of the 4257 cm3 six-cylinder inline engine was increased to 4.5 liters in 1951, and then to 4.9 liters in 1954. A total of 785 cars were manufactured.
Rolls Royce Silver Cloud I (1955—1959)
The car with a completely new exceptionally beautiful steel body used the same engine with a displacement of 4887 cm3 as the Dawn model. It could be equipped with either an automatic transmission or a manual transmission. The maximum speed of the car reached 170 km/h. A total of 2,359 copies were made.
Silver Cloud II (1959—1962)
This model had the same body as before, but was equipped with a completely new V-shaped eight-cylinder engine with a displacement of 6230 cm3 with a capacity of 185 hp, which accelerated it to 180 km/ h. A total of 2116 cars were manufactured.
Silver Cloud III (1959—1962)
It differed from the Silver Cloud II model by a lower hood line and twin headlights. The engine power increased to 200 hp, which allowed it to reach speeds of up to 190 km/ h. Of the 2,376 cars manufactured, 79 had custom-made bodies.
Silver Shadow I (1965—1976)
Continuing to use the same V-shaped eight-cylinder engine as before, the model had a new load-bearing body, for the first time in the history of the company. The hydropneumatic suspension provided excellent smoothness and maintained a constant height of the body. The engine power was increased to 220 hp and the maximum speed reached 185 km/h. A total of 16,717 cars were made.
Silver Shadow II (1977—1981)
The Shadow II car was an improved version of the previous model with a slightly modified appearance and better handling. The speed characteristics remained unchanged. A total of 34,611 cars were produced.
Phantom IV (1950—1956)
The rarest Rolls-Royce specially created for royals and heads of state. Used an in-line eight-cylinder engine with a displacement of 5677 cm3 in conjunction with a manual transmission. A total of 18 copies were made.
Phantom V and Phantom VI (1959-1991)
The models were equipped with a V-shaped eight-cylinder engine and custom bodies. They have been in production for a long time, remaining the only Rolls-Royce cars with a traditional split body and chassis. A total of 516 copies of the Phantom V and 373 Phantom VI were produced.
Rolls Royce Corniche (1971—1987)
The stylish two-door car was based on the units of the Silver Shadow model, but had a body made by hand at Mulliner Park Ward, such as a convertible or hardtop. A total of 1,306 cars were manufactured.
Corniche II (1987—1989)
Unlike the previous model, a convertible was produced only with an open body. A total of 1,226 cars were made.
Corniche III (1990—1991)
Open cars of this generation were created taking into account all the technical changes of the Silver Spirit II and Silver Spur II models. A total of 451 copies were collected.
Corniche IV (1992—1995)
After the closure of the Mulliner Park Ward company, the production of these grandiose cars was completed. A total of 219 cars were produced.
Corniche S[ (1995)
The final, special batch of 25 copies of this model, which was in production longer than any other Rolls-Royce car.
Just like the Corniche model, this car was based on the Silver Shadow platform and had a custom body made by Mulliner Park Ward designed by the Italian design firm Pininfarina. The two-door coupe was the first Rolls-Royce car with metric dimensions. A total of 525 copies were produced[.
1984 Rolls Royce Silver Spirit
Silver Spirit[ (1980—1989)
The car was created based on the Silver Shadow model, but with a new, more modern and elegant body. A total of 8,125 copies were produced.
Silver Spur[en] (1980—1989)
A version of the Silver Spirit model with an extended wheelbase. To commemorate the centenary of the brand, 25 anniversary cars were produced in 1985. A total of 6214 copies of the model were made.
Silver Spur Limousine (1982—1999)
A version of the Silver Spur model with an elongated limousine-type body. A total of 101 cars were manufactured.
Silver Spirit II/Spur II (1990—1993)
Externally, the models have not changed much, but they began to install an electronically controlled suspension, which radically improved the smoothness and controllability. A total of 1,152 Silver Spirit II cars and 1,658 Silver Spur II cars were manufactured.
Mulliner Spur (1990—1991)
A limited batch of the Silver Spur II long-wheelbase model, manufactured in the Mulliner Park Ward workshop. A total of 71 cars were made.
Silver Spirit III/Spur III (1994—1995)
The car engine was seriously upgraded, which now met all the requirements for emission toxicity. A total of 234 Silver Spirit III cars and 465 Silver Spur III cars were produced.
1993 Rolls Royce Touring Limousine
Touring Limousine[en] (1992—1997)
Elongated limousines based on the Silver Spur II and Silver Spur III models. A total of 103 cars were made.
Silver Dawn (1995—1998)
A version of the long-wheelbase Silver Spur model for the American market with a slightly simplified finish. A total of 237 cars were produced.
Silver Spirit (96) (1996-1997) and Silver Spur (96) (1996-2000)
A total of 145 Silver Spirit cars (96) and 802 Silver Spur cars were manufactured.
Park Ward Limousine (1996—1999)
Replacement of the Tourist limousine model. In contrast, it had inserts on the body between the front and rear doors. A total of 52 cars were manufactured.
Silver Spur Division (1997-1999) and Non-Silver Spur Division (1998)
Versions of the Silver Spur model with an enlarged wheelbase and with a partition between the driver and passengers (Division) or without it (Not division). A total of 39 copies of the Silver Spur Division model and 20 Non-Silver Spur Division cars were made.
1999 Rolls-Royce Silver Seraphim
Armored Silver Spur (1999)
Armored version of the model. In total, one car was manufactured.
Silver Seraphim (1998-2001)
The last car that was assembled at the factory in Kru. In fact, the company's first new model since the Silver Shadow was launched more than 30 years ago. It was developed in cooperation with BMW Concern and was equipped with their 5.4-liter V-shaped twelve-cylinder engine. A total of 1,570 cars were manufactured.
Department of the Silver Seraphim Park (2000-2002)
A version of the Silver Seraphim model with an elongated wheelbase of 250 millimeters. A total of 127 cars were made.
Rolls-Royce Phantom VII
The first Rolls-Royce of the new millennium, an open version of the Silver Seraphim model, using a V-shaped eight-cylinder engine. A total of 374 cars were manufactured.
Ghost VII (2003-2017)
The beginning of a new era and the return of the famous model with a V-shaped twelve-cylinder engine. Rolls-Royce, BMW. The car was produced at a new factory in Goodwood.
Phantom Drophead Coupe (2007-2016)
Created on the basis of the Phantom VII model and a two-door four-seater convertible
Phantom Coupe (2008-2016)
Two-door four-seater coupe based on the Ghost VII model
The Ghost of Rolls-Royce (2010-present)
The new car with the old name is equipped with a V-shaped twelve-cylinder engine with a displacement of 6.6 liters with a capacity of 563 hp. The model accelerates to 96.5 km/h (60 mph) in 4.8 seconds and develops a maximum speed of 250 km/h.
Rolls-Royce Rafe (2013-present)
The elegant fastback has the most powerful ever installed on the brand's cars, has a V-shaped twelve-cylinder engine of 624 hp, capable of accelerating the car to 100 km / h in 4.6 seconds.
Rolls-Royce Dawn (2015-present)
The model is not an open version of the Ghost, the new four-seater convertible has 80% of the body parts new. It is equipped with a V-shaped twelve-cylinder engine with a capacity of 563 hp.
Rolls-Royce Phantom VIII (2017-present)
In a completely new car, its creators tried to preserve the brand features, the genetic code of the previous generations of the Phantom model. The heart of the car is a new 6.75-liter V-shaped twelve-cylinder engine with a capacity of 563 hp.
Rolls-Royce Cullinane (2018-present)
The first Rolls-Royce SUV in the company's history is based on an aluminum platform, an aluminum Frame Architecture (ASF) with an integrated frame, on which the Rolls-Royce Phantom is also built. The engine of the series number 74 is a 6.75 l V12 with a power of 571 hp. The torque is 800 Nm, an 8-speed automatic transmission from ZF and permanent all-wheel drive. The length of the car exceeds 5 meters, but the car is shorter than the Rolls-Royce Phantom.